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21 Dec

Cougar Shot in Schoolcraft County: First Confirmed MI kill since 1906

DNR officials: Bay County residents arrested on suspicion of killing cougar in Upper Peninsula

                    Trail camera photo depicting a cougar in Michigan’s Upper Peninsula in December 2013. DNR officials believe two Bay County residents illegally killed this same cougar. (Courtesy the Department of Natural Resources)
SCHOOLCRAFT COUNTY, MI — The Michigan Department of Natural Resources has arrested two Bay County residents on suspicion of killing a cougar in the Upper Peninsula, adding it would be the first such feline killed by humans in the state in more than a century.

DNR officials last week investigated a tip that a cougar had been killed in Schoolcraft County and confirmed such a slaying did occur at a hunting camp. Investigators gathered enough evidence to apprehend two Bay County residents in connection with the alleged illegal killing, they report.

Investigators are to turn over the results of their investigation to the office of Schoolcraft County Prosecutor Timothy R. Noble, who will determine if charges will be filed.

Ed Golder, public information officer with the DNR, declined to divulge the suspects’ names, ages or sexes.

Under Michigan law, illegally killing a cougar is a misdemeanor punishable by up to 90 days in jail and a $2,500 fine. The wild felines, also known as mountain lions, are classified as an endangered species in the state.

The DNR’s Wildlife Division recently confirmed that a trail camera had snapped a photo of a cougar in the same area. Investigators believe the animal in the photo is the same one killed. 

The DNR reports that cougars disappeared from the state in the early 1900s. The last confirmed wild cougar in Michigan prior to 2008 was an animal killed near Newberry in 1906.

Since 2008, the DNR has confirmed photos or tracks of cougars on 23 occasions in 10 Upper Peninsula counties. The animals are believed to be young individuals dispersing from established populations in the Dakotas in search of new territory. There is no evidence of a breeding population of cougars in the state.

The Bath-based Michigan Wildlife Conservancy, though, has argued that cougars resurged in the state in the 1950s and are present in the Lower Peninsula, even as far south as Bay County and the Thumb area. In an effort to prove this contention, they previously presented photos of cougars they claim were taken in Oscoda and Alcona counties.

The Wildlife Division’s specially trained cougar team welcomes citizen reports of possible cougar evidence or sightings. Cougar photos and other evidence — such as tracks, scat or cached kills — should be reported to a local DNR office or through the DNR’s online reporting form at

Investigators are asking anyone with information about the recent alleged killing or other poaching cases to call the DNR’s Report All Poaching hotline at 1-800-292-7800. 

Information can also be reported online at Tips and information can be left anonymously; information that leads to an arrest and conviction is eligible for a cash reward funded by the state’s Game and Fish Protection Fund.

JOE-NOTE:  FYI, I’ve never paid much attention to any claims by the Michigan Wildlife Conservancy, but include it here because it was in the Bay City Times story.

21 Dec

Eagles in the Air

My pal (former Michigan State lacrosse coach Ted Swoboda) sent out a note earlier this week, with lots of interesting photos attached. Here’s his note. (Thanks, Boda):

“Drove out to Davenport Iowa this week after seeing a daily eagle county at the Fulton Lock last week. Wednesday I viewed more than 500 bald eagles at Lock #13…back in the trees. The photographers at the dam told me there were upwards of 1,000 eagles over the weekend. These numbers are unusually high for this time of year, even though we have had temperatures nearly ten degrees above normal for the past two weeks. The locals attribute the high eagle count to a die-off of perch and sheep-head, both providing a huge food source at the base of the Mississippi River dams in that area.

When I took an ornithology course at M.S.U. in the 70s the population of bald eagles in the U.S. had declined to a total of 500 breeding pairs. Ted Swoboda.

Photographs follow. The recovery of eagles can be attributed to the stoppage of DDT use and the point is that when we see manmade problems in our environment, we can reverse the trend and end the problem. But first we have to see it. And THEN  COLLECTIVELY do something with our central focus being the problem, not politics or political parties. What parties doesn’t want clean air, clean water and lots of eagles overhead?  Over.

LockEagles 074 Lock 13&14 009 LockEagles 204 LockEagles 223 LockEagles 372 LockEagles 528 LockEagles 583 LockEagles 629 LockEagles 450 LockEagles 566

16 Dec

One Call for a Conservation Officer

Wicklund Does

This conservation officer has had complaints on a certain house near a UP town for several years, allegations of night-shooting deer and other illegal activity. Recently, he does to the place, which has a giant bait pile in the front yard, and he knocks on the door. Out in the yard in the trees there is a pile of does hanging (See Photo Above). The inhabitants open the door and inside he spies two jars of dope and some joints laying on a table. There is also a loaded .22 in the window. “Used to shoot rabbits,” the inhabs claim. CO says, “But all I see is deer tracks and blood, no rabbit tracks anywhere in the yard.” Then the stories begin to crumble. The CO has to interview four suspects and keeping them apart is difficult, being a lone officer. After interviews the CO estimates six of the 12 does were shot either illegally or filling another person’s tag. After interviewing the four bozos, the CO points out that three of the deer do not have .50 cal holes in them and the house owner steps forward and says he shot the three with his crossbow. When the officer explains crossbow season is closed, the man says he isn’t changing his story “again,” and he will admit to killing the three deer illegally. Three other deer have “gone home” across the bridge and the CO has reason to believe they were also illegally shot, but the subject will not answer his home or cell phone. Another CO  will visit the suspect.  Meanwhile, my friend says he thinks the camp folk learned: 1) Don’t leave a giant bait pile in your front yard, and 2) Check who is knocking on the door before you open it. Makes you wonder how many deer are illegally killed every year and usually by the same jamokes complaining the wolves are killing all the deer.

This is an example of how our CO shortage cuts our officers’  effectiveness.  A second officer or partner would have been able to keep the four suspects apart and allowed for interviews to be conducted without cross contamination.

Holy Pete. What a buncha whackadoodles! Over.


11 Dec

Signing Saturday in Kalamazoo.

This coming Saturday, 4th Annual Author Day at Kazoo Books. I’m there 3-4:30 p.m.
When: December 14, 2013 all-day
Where: Kazoo Books, 2413 Parkview Avenue, Kalamazoo,MI 49008
Join us at our Parkview store on Saturday, December 14, for our 4th Annual Author Day!  We’ll be hosting authors all day.
Artisans that day:…
Beadventure – bead jewelry by mentored youth   Ministry with Community’s – soaps & candles   House Jewelry – Linda Kekic – fused glass jewelry   Artist – Mary Brodbeck – woodblock prints
* Author Ruth McNally Barshaw is creator of the Ellie McDoodle series, an intermediate chapter book.
* Leslie Helakoski is author and illustrator of Dog Gone Feet and Fair Cow, and is author of the Big Chicken series as well as Woolbur.
* Janet Ruth Heller has written How the Moon Regained Her Shape, a story about bullying for children of all ages.
*Grace Tiffany has written several books set in the time of Shakespeare, My Father Had a Daughter and Will. Now her new book is called Paint and takes us back to Elizabethan court.
* Joan Donaldson is an organic farmer and has written a book about the life of growing and farming in Michigan, Wedded to the Land.
* Tom Small‘s title Using Native Plants to Restore Community has become a regional handbook for protecting our native landscape.
* Hedy Habra is a local poet and author of Tea in Heliopolis and Flying Carpets.
New Issues Press is at Western Michigan University and has just produced a gift book of regional poetry and art called Poetry in Michigan. Visit with a few of the authors represented in this beautiful book.
* Mary Brodbeck, one of the artists in the book will be here with some of her special art.
* Judi Rypma will join us. She is author of Amber Room and Rapunzel’s Hair.
* Jacqueline Carey is a local author of the historical fantasy series, Kushiel’s Legacy, The Sundering epic and the new Agent of Hel contemporary fantasy series, Autumn Bones.
* Sarah Zettel joins us from the east side of Michigan. She is author of a vampire chef mystery series, the Isavalta fantasy series and is now writing for young adults.  Her latest historical novel of mystery is called Palace of Spies.
Joe Heywood is back from the north country to chat with us. His latest is Killing a Cold One and he can talk about his next book, soon to be out.
D. E. Johnson is suburb at historical description of Detroit. His latest mystery with Will and Elizabeth is Detroit Shuffle
Mel Starr is continuing his medieval mystery adventures with Rest Not in Peace, just released.
Albert Bell, from Grand Rapids is joining the mystery crew.  Try out his latest historical mystery set in Italy shortly after the eruption of Mt. Vesuvius.
03 Dec

Nooks & Crannies in the Pileated Forest

Ran Shaksper in the pileated forest yesterday. Struck me how man hiding places there are for small critturs and creatures.  A Hobbit-like world. Photos tell the story. No captions necessary. Over.


02 Dec

The Day After

Firearms deer season finished the day before yesterday. Muzzleloaders up next, then late archery, so the 2013 deer season is not  yet  finito.

Sunday was another day in the truck. We checked traps and fur buyers and deer processors, made a traffic stop on a young guy that came close to knocking us off a road, visited with an interesting man who makes bows, and had  a great day. Oh yeah, and got another… illegal deer. Shot Thanksgiving afternoon, license bought  on  Saturday, the 30th, and when we went to the house the suspect alleged he shot the buck Saturday night around 5, but pupil measurements and experience told us the animal had been dead at least 18 hours and the story didn’t hold water and the young man “manned-up” and confessed. Good kid. Just made a mistake. Two patrol days, eight illegal deer. Great work by my partner, who seems to have the respect of upstanding citizens and dirt-bags alike in his county. Last night we ended our patrol at a fur operation where seven people were skinning and stretching coons, etc. Amazing visuals but I took no photos. The smell was amazing too. If you don’t trap you may not know that the essence of most trap attractants has a skunk base. Uh huh.  I may go back there at some point just to take photos and o a story about a business that is almost invisible. Lots of people trapping these days. Fur prices are good and in a bad economy this is a way to pick up some income. Plus, Americans have always trapped. In fact, it’s furs that helped launch this colony country.  Interestingly, we hear a lot of reports of hunters seeing no deer and there is an explanation for it. The reason is that EHD has reduced  the deer herd in many counties and reduced fawn production. The DNR tells us that  “Epizootic Hemorrhagic Disease (EHD) is an acute, infectious, viral disease found in wild ruminants like white-tailed deer. It does not affect humans so edibility of the venison is not impacted by this disease. There is no evidence that humans can contract the EHD virus either from the midge or from handling and eating venison.EHD has been present in the United States for over 50 years now and no long-term effects on any deer herd have been recorded. Where EHD is more common, deer have built up antibodies to the disease.

Michigan deer do not have the benefit of these antibodies. Losses may be severe, and while impacts on deer numbers are typically restricted to localized areas, recovery may take longer than has been experienced in other states. Large-scale regional deer population decreases have not been observed.”

Scenes from yesterday follow. Over.

01 Dec

Traditional Firearm Deer Season Ends



Mission Complete: CO Jeff Goss in truck bed with shotgun.

Mission Complete: CO Jeff Goss in truck bed with seized shotgun.


Yesterday was the Last day of firearm deer season and I was with an officer from a southern Michigan county.

Funny how things happen. A motorist noticed a pile of deer carcasses.

CO visits scene, finds a tag on one of the deer. Station 20 in Lansing identifies the hunter and provides an address, a female. We motor out there to interview her.

“You shoot a deer?”

“Yah, a doe.”

“Where is it?”

“Gave it to a friend who needed the meat.”

“We found the tag in a pile of carcasses out in a field. How did your tag get out there?”

“I gave it to my friend. I don’t know how the tag got out there.”

“But you shot the deer?”

“I shot it for a friend who is having marital problems and has three kids  and wanted the meat.”

“Who were you hunting with?”

“My dad and my friend.”

“Did your dad shoot anything?”


“Did your friend?”

“Not that day.”

“Another day?”

“I don’t know, I haven’t seen him since then.”

“Which was?”

She gives us the date.

“How big was the deer?” my partner asks. (We have the carcass in the bed of the truck.)

“Medium size.”

What we have is a small button buck with her tag on it. “Okay, what’s your friend’s name and where does he live? Oh, and don’t call him when we leave here.”

We then  motor to Subject B’s place of employment, but he is not working today. Instead, the  dad of Subject A appears out of nowhere and wants to “chat,” sort of explains what happened, etc. Confirms what his daughter told us, but something not adding up. We have Subject A’s deer in the truck and show him. Father of subject A says, “That’s not the deer. It was a really big doe.”

What we have is a button buck, technically not an antlered deer. And it is small. So how did the tag get on this animal? Weird.

Huh. Okay, “Don’t call subject B” Dad agrees. Thus we motor to Subject B’s home. Lo and behold, Subject B is waiting in the driveway for us, because dad has called him. Eventually admits HE shot a buck on Oct 31 AND the  deer with Subject A’s tag.

“What happened to the buck from Halloween?”

“Gave it to friend for his parents.”

“Then you killed the doe because you wanted meat for your kids?”


“That makes no sense.”

“I didn’t know on Halloween I’d be split from my wife and I’m the only one who works.”

My partner says, “You shot Subject A’s deer?”

“Yes, sir, and they were hunting with me and  I did not want to transport it without a tag, which I never bought, because I didn’t want to spend the money.”  He adds, Subject A “volunteered” her tag for the dead doe. Did Subject B dispose of the animal in the field? Nope, Subject B gave it to a friend to process for him, an individual, who is married to his cousin, and who is running an unauthorized processing facility.

“Don’t call ahead,” we advise the man.

We motor to Subject C’s facility, find Subject C and a Subject D and Juvenile kin of Subject D. After much back and forth we learn Subject C shot all six deer being butchered, five does one day, and a buck on Turkey day “because it was suffering from a previous gunshot, and he didn’t want it to suffer.”

And Subject B’s meat is in a freezer and not yet picked up. Subjects B and C confess and write confessions. We take meat from seven deer and a shotgun with us. My partner will write reports and refer them  to the prosecutor for charges. From one tag on a deer carcass, we find seven illegal deer, which we took to a local processor who will handle distribution to needy families. You just never know if you don’t follow through on every detail. There’s more to this, but the details will have to wait. Last day of deer season. Oh yeah, Subject C says, “I’d like to get the gun back. It has sentimental value, ya know, belonged to my Granddad. “ Right, that’s original: we hear this line or some offshoot of it  over and over from folks not wanting their weapons condemned in court. It rarely works.

Wonderful day. At one point we stop at a gas station and a woman comes over and gives us a new box of Christmas cookies and says, “For all you guys do for all of us.”

Way cool.

Back in the truck  today. Who knows what the day  will offer us. Pix follow. Over.



First we check an irrigation ditch for traps and instead find three deer, No tags, of course.
Two shot and not gutted another gutted and caped but all the meat left, like someone in a hurry or someone who doesn’t care. Two-legged pigs.


Disgusting waste.


Long view of the irrigation ditch.


Pile of nine where the tagged remains are found and which takes us on the day’s journey to deer gankers.


Deer season automotive tomfoolery. Reindeer horns? Who knows.


What greets us in the unlicensed processing place.


More from the processing house.


And more.


Another view.


Our unexpected Christmas gift!


A bed of venison.


Checking if the gun has been reported stolen. it hasn’t.


Receipt for the processor, part of the evidence chain recordkeeping.


29 Nov

Black Friday Musings: Deer-Hunting, and Wolves, and Stuff

PORTAGE, MI — Friday, November 29 — Great Thanksgiving of wild turkey breast courtesy of a CO friend whose son shot it, sweetateys, green beans, peach cobbler and Lonnie’s own gluten-free cinnamon pumpkin pie. Watched the Lions until game score was knotted  at 10-10, then slept until they were in post-game interviews after the game. Perfect. I drove hom on Tuesday Nov 26, from Stephenson in Menominee County to Portage, a nice 8-hour haul. When I crossed the Mackinac Bridge the deer count was as follows: 2013 = 3,609 and 2012 = 5,889, a 39 percent drop over last year. Not surprising given the severity and lateness of last winter, which in some UP counties continued with snow on the ground into mid-May. This is the kind of winter that takes a heavy toll on deer, especially on fawns which typically are born in late May, early June. Wildlife personnel tell us that the average winter in the U.P. typically kills 100,000 deer and a hard winter like the last one takes double that toll.

The first modern wolf hunt is underway and as of yesterday 13 of the 43-wolf quota has been taken. Given all the bullshit opinions and massive lack of knowledge by wolf haters and lovers alike, this number has astonished a lot of people, who expected the quota to be met in hours if not a few days. My thoughts? Look at Wisconsin’s first hunt last year. It took a long time to reach their quota. The learning curve on wolf hunting is real. It is one thing to sit on your deer bait and have a wolf wander in, which happens. It is altogether a different proposition to sit in your deer blind waiting for your wolf to come to the bait. Most hunters in the UP have never seen a wolf and many who say they have, are imagining it or misidentifying. Some of the eight-ball wolf-haters think the DNR is lying about the number of animals in the UP and that instead of 650-700 animals, it is more like twice that or more.  These people don’t believe anything any unit of government tells them. The bottom line is that wolves are smart and very wary and you have to have special skills and knowledge to bag one of them. Probably we’ll fill the 43 quota in the three wolf management areas, but it will probably take most or all of the season.  I expected the number will increase started December 1. Why? Because the Blaze Orange Brigade (BOB) will be out of the woods. When the deer season began, concurrent with the wolf season, you had many hunters afield with electronic predator calls and they scare and confuse  the hell out of deer and wolves alike. They also irke hunters solely after deer. It seems likely to me that once the number of hunters falls, the wolf-take should increase. It still strikes me as odd how only three wolf management units were chosen. There are wolves virtually everywhere in the UP and there has been predation on sporting dogs and farms animals in lots of counties outside the hunt areas.

 I saw my first wolf  on the Fox River Road north of Seney in mid-December,1998, and over the years have seen wolves in Luce County, Mackinac County, Delta County, Schoolcraft County, Dickinson County, Iron County, Houghton County, Baraga County, and Keweenaw County. This month I spent 10 consecutive days on patrol in Iron, Gogebic, and Ontonagon County: We saw one wolf in Iron County,  and the tracks of four others, none of them in designated hunt areas. We continue to hear tales of wolf haters who brag they are gut-shooting every wolf they see, hoping the animal  will crawl off and die. These are scumbags of the lowest order.  Yet I have problems too with those folks who want no wolf hunting, in part from no personal experience with wolves, and in part because I smell an anti-hunting movement afoot with the wolf being used as a lever in that effort, the same as doves were used earlier in this state. Most of the anti-wolf hunt fiscal support comes from outside the state.

We have a department of educated, experience personnel charged with managing our wildlife on the basis of science (except on occasions when politics intervenes). We should trust them to do what they are hired to do and stay the hell out of their business.

OK then. Back on  patrol tomorrow and the next day. Over.

24 Nov

Reflections: My Two Cents

CRYSTAL FALLS, SUNDAY, November 24, 2013 – Television BTB is a fragmented wasteland of garbage and TV up here is even worse because there are so few people and such a lower advertising base. This morning I watched a rerun of F Troop, which was running in prime time when I lived up here in 1966-70. Very, very odd.  And this morning I was treated to last night’s news from Marquette, which really bollixed my sense of reality. Were they talking about Sunday’s weather, or what? Weird.  After ten days of patrols up here, a few observations, and they are only that, observations of small-ball observations, not things to be generalized across the board:

1.     Last winter was very, very tough on the deer herd. There was snow still on the ground in Iron County on May 13. It is the late March, April and May snows that take the biggest toll on deer. In the past wildlife people have said an average winter kills 100,000 deer, and a bad one upwards of 200,000 or more. This was surely upwards of bad, and hunters and officers report seeing fewer fawns than usual. We had the same experience in the eastern UP.

2.     Very few hunters out this year. Every year seems to have fewer. The DNR says the biggest growth in licenses, percentage wise is among females, but I haven’t seen this and neither have the officers I talked to. It may be that the distaff element does not partake of the deer camp tradition as much as males do, and that they do their hunting closer to home in mornings and evenings before and after work. But in terms of seeing women and girls hunting, just not seeing it, and what I’ve seen has not changed in 13 years in trucks. When we do see kids, they are often hunting unsupervised. It’s as if they take hunter safety and then just do what their families have always done. When I do hear of kids hunting, apart from the very few I see, there are tales of 5-6-7 yr. olds hunting and shooting deer with their mentor. Something about this rubs me wrong too. In the old days over in the Eastern UP and across the river in Soo Canada, young boys went with pop and older brothers and uncles, etc, but were there merely as physical labor and once they hit 12 as gun bearers. They did not start actual hunting until they were older. Their training consisted of following blood kin around. I don’t know, but a six year old shooting a deer? Can he or she distinguish the diff between actual killing of a deer and an electronic game? No opinion, just a rub in my gut.

3.     As has become normal, I saw no African American hunters up here this season, or Asian Americans, or Hispanics. Over 13 years I’ve seen 10 black males, 8 in one group over 13 years.  Handfull of Asian Americans and Hispanics in that time. Not sure this means anything because down where my mom is from in Mississippi lots of black folks (her neighbors) hunted and fished with my mom’s dad and her brothers. Maybe this reflects socioeconomics and more effects of the recession?  Just asking. Seems if pro-hunting groups are serious they need to expand their efforts from women and kids to skin colors other than white. Maybe they are? If so, I’ve seen or heard nothing about it. Also then makes me wonder what the racial makeup of NRA membership is.

4.     Crystal Falls Forest Park lost yesterday in the high school football state semifinals, ending their season at 12 and 1. Their girls volleyballers lost Thursday night , also in the state semifinals. Great seasons for the Trojan jocks and jockettes. Great job, players and coaches. The Ishpeming Hematites won yesterday and will play in the state Division final next week, as will the Menominee Maroons in Division 5 (I think that’s the div). Great job by UP teams all. Seemed sort of sad to play their games in the warmed Yooper dome instead of outside in da untrammeled snow, eh, the way we did back in da day.

5.  The last two days of patrol weather was anything but pleasant, yet the officers were out there pressing forward. Downstate officers in most counties find it easy to find hunters and revelers. Up here you have to hunt for them, which add another element to the job. Down below, generally, there is a lot more traffic and contacts.  No matter where you are game wardening, snow the a great gift from the Game Warden in the Sky.

6. I dread going back below and being exposed to all the political bullshit floating in the “politosphere.”

7. Lots of cops hunt up here. Not sure why.

8. The “theme” this year seemed to be loaded guns in vehicles.  Every year is diff. We took only four illegal deer, which is down from a much higher average, but there is a week left in the season and more shenanigans lay ahead for sure.

9. If you like “wild” country, the western UP is the place for you, but please get off the paved roads and out of your vehicle to see the real beauty up close.

10.  The wolf hunt has so far logged 10 animals legally taken. There have been some illegal kills, but at least two of these people turned themselves in because the wolves they shot were collared. A smart move, methinks.

11. Our COs are equipped with good trucks and communications, great clothing, etc, but every officer still needs to have in his or her possession an infrared scope and the newest generation of night vision. A few pieces  at District HQ is not adequate for the job. If the state can’t or doesn’t want to pay, why not find a wealthy benefactor to take care of it and let the state pay for replacement equipment down the line? Just asking. There may be perfectly good reasons for the situation as it is, but being in the right side of the truck for a sustained period, night and day, I don’t see it. What I see is an unmet need.

All from here for now. Off today to see friends with  dinner with some CO pals Monday night. The sun is shining, the wind finally down and the temp a sweaty 9 degrees.  Snow on the ground, but only an inch or two down here in the south county, 4-5 inches further north. I suspect south of here will have less.  Hope to get some good outdoor and wildlife photos over the next couple of days, but we shall see.  If you’re hunting, be safe.  If you’re a CO, be even safer. Over.

23 Nov

DAY 10 in the books

Later today:
Ten days, 96+30 truck hours, consecutive days and I feel great. All done until the day after TG. Actual temp here this morning was 2 degrees and we eventually got up to 13, but chill factor hung around minus ten all day and it snowed with some oomph, especially in the northern part of the county. The day stayed mostly dark and cloudy; Some lakes are iced over, some not, and most rivers have bank-ice in place. We saw quite a few buck poles with deer today and almost 25 live deer, including three bucks in a five-minute period, two of which stood and stared. Also a puffed-up partridge in a tree directly over us on a road. Felt like deep winter all day. But we covered the territory and checked a number of hunters and some complaints.  Photos: upper left, morning snow, not fog; Upper right,  checking tags on the Michigamme River; lower left, north Iron County buck pole; lower right, puffed up partridge, which is about 30 feet up, directly overhead in the middle of the road. Pix follow. Over.
My dates for Tuesday!

My dates for Tuesday

Waiting for hunters to emerge on four-wheelers as dark falls.

Waiting for hunters to emerge on four-wheelers as dark falls.

Night tree.

Night tree.

if you look up bad road in the dictionary, this is the picture you will find.

if you look up bad road in the dictionary, this is the picture you will find.

Ths pat is 30 feet overhead, over the middle of the road, ALL plumpyfluffed and eating seeds.

Ths pat is 30 feet overhead, over the middle of the road, ALL plumpyfluffed and eating seeds.

Last night's snow accumulation.

Last night’s snow accumulation.

Moose marsh.

Moose marsh.

Taking a closer look

Taking a closer look

Northern Iron County deer camp buck pole

Northern Iron County deer camp buck pole

Checking Michigamme river deer tags.

Checking Michigamme river deer tags.

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